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Homogenic by Björk

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Homogenic is the third international solo album by Icelandic musician Björk, released in September 1997. Produced by Björk, Mark Bell, Guy Sigsworth, Howie B and Markus Dravs, it was released on One Little Indian Records. The music of Homogenic was a new style for Björk, focusing on similar-sounding music combining electronic beats and string instruments with songs in tribute to her native country Iceland. Homogenic was originally to be produced in her home in London, but was later recorded in Spain. Homogenic marked the first of several production collaborations between Björk and Mark Bell, whom Björk would cite as a major influence on her musical career. The album peaked at number twenty-eight on the Billboard 200, and at number four on the UK Albums Chart.

Five singles were released from Homogenic: "Jóga", "Bachelorette", "Hunter", "Alarm Call" and "All Is Full of Love". Homogenic was highly acclaimed on its initial release and continues to be praised by critics, with Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine stating that "if not the greatest electronic album of all time, it's certainly the greatest of its decade"

Maida Vale sessions

After an extensive tour in 1996, Björk returned to her home in Maida Vale with an urgent need to write new songs as a form of therapy.

The sessions with Dravs and Björk were casual, with Björk allowing Dravs freedom with the album. Björk only left the studio to cook meals for the both of them.

Málaga sessions

To record in privacy away from the sudden unwanted media interest, Björk's tour drummer Trevor Morais offered his studio in Spain. Björk went to Málaga and arranged to meet with flamenco guitarist Raimundo Amador.

After returning to the studio in Spain in late January, Björk decided that producer Nellee Hooper, who had produced both Debut and Post, would not return, as Björk stated that they had "both stopped surprising each other".

String arrangements were added late in the recording process.

Before production began on Homogenic, Björk wanted Homogenic to have a conceptual focus on her native Iceland. Producer Markus Dravs recalled Björk wanting it to sound like "rough volcanoes with soft moss growing all over it..."

Björk's vocals on Homogenic range from primitive-sounding screams to a traditional singing method used by Icelandic choir men, a combination of speaking and singing as illustrated in the song "Unravel". "Unravel" is a song about lamenting love, with brief flashes of hope.

Track Listings:
    Side A
    1 Hunter
    2 Jóga
    3 Unravel
    4 Bachelorette
    5 All Neon Like

    Side B
    1 5 Years
    2 Immature
    3 Alarm Call
    4 Pluto
    5 All Is Full Of Love
Total Time: 43:35
Artist Name(s):
Björk – keyboards, vocals
Alasdair Alloy – glass harmonica
Vaughan Armon – violin
Mark Bell – keyboards
Sigurbjorn Bernhardsson – violin
Mark Berrow – violin
Mike Brittain – bass
Jeffrey Bryant – horn
Roger Chase – viola
Ben Cruft – violin
Sigrun Edvaldsdottir – violin
Paul Gardhaim – bass
Roger Garland – violin
Wilfred Gibson – violin
Isobel Griffiths – orchestra contractor
Sigurdur Bjarki Gunnarsson – cello
Hrund Hardardottir – viola
Bill Hawkes – viola
Steve Henderson – timbales, tympani
Paul Kegg – cello
Yasuhiro Kobayashi – accordion
Peter Lale – viola
Chris Laurence – bass
Helen Liebmann – cello
Martin Loveday – cello
Alasdair Malloy – glass harmonica
Perry Mason – violin
Jim McLeod – violin
Perry Montague-Mason – violin
Trevor Morais – drums, electronic drums
Jon R. Ornolfsson – cello
Peter Oxer – violin
Paul Pritchard – bass
Maciej Rakowski – violin
Frank Ricotti – snare drums
George Robertson – viola
Guy Sigsworth – clavichord, keyboards, pipe organ
Moeidur Anna Sigurdardottir – viola
Una Sveinbjarnardottir – violin
Mike Thompson – horn
Sif Tulinius – violin
John Tunnell – cello
Helen Tunstall – harp
Gavyn Wright – violin
Björk, Mark Bell, Guy Sigsworth, Howie B, Markus Dravs
Release Year: 1997
Ambient, EBM, Space Rock, Synth-Pop, Techno
Album Type:
Compact Disc
Cover & Packge Design:
Alexander McQueen
Studio Name:
El Cortijo Studios in Málaga, Spain - August 1996 to August 1997
Mastering: Nilz
Engineer(s): Danny Brown, James Loughrey, Jason Groucott, Jason Westbrook, Kirsten Cowie, Paul "P-Dub" Walton*, Rebecca Storey, Rob Murphy, Russell Polden, Sie Midway-Smith
Label / Publishing
Label Name:
One Little Indian
Catalog Number(s):
London, UK
Synthesizers Used
Album Locator
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