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Homogenic by Björk

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    Homogenic is the third international solo album by Icelandic musician Björk, released in September 1997. Produced by Björk, Mark Bell, Guy Sigsworth, Howie B and Markus Dravs, it was released on One Little Indian Records. The music of Homogenic was a new style for Björk, focusing on similar-sounding music combining electronic beats and string instruments with songs in tribute to her native country Iceland. Homogenic was originally to be produced in her home in London, but was later recorded in Spain. Homogenic marked the first of several production collaborations between Björk and Mark Bell, whom Björk would cite as a major influence on her musical career. The album peaked at number twenty-eight on the Billboard 200, and at number four on the UK Albums Chart.

    Five singles were released from Homogenic: "Jóga", "Bachelorette", "Hunter", "Alarm Call" and "All Is Full of Love". Homogenic was highly acclaimed on its initial release and continues to be praised by critics, with Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine stating that "if not the greatest electronic album of all time, it's certainly the greatest of its decade"

    Maida Vale sessions

    After an extensive tour in 1996, Björk returned to her home in Maida Vale with an urgent need to write new songs as a form of therapy.

    The sessions with Dravs and Björk were casual, with Björk allowing Dravs freedom with the album. Björk only left the studio to cook meals for the both of them.

    Málaga sessions

    To record in privacy away from the sudden unwanted media interest, Björk's tour drummer Trevor Morais offered his studio in Spain. Björk went to Málaga and arranged to meet with flamenco guitarist Raimundo Amador.

    After returning to the studio in Spain in late January, Björk decided that producer Nellee Hooper, who had produced both Debut and Post, would not return, as Björk stated that they had "both stopped surprising each other".

    String arrangements were added late in the recording process.

    Before production began on Homogenic, Björk wanted Homogenic to have a conceptual focus on her native Iceland. Producer Markus Dravs recalled Björk wanting it to sound like "rough volcanoes with soft moss growing all over it..."

    Björk's vocals on Homogenic range from primitive-sounding screams to a traditional singing method used by Icelandic choir men, a combination of speaking and singing as illustrated in the song "Unravel". "Unravel" is a song about lamenting love, with brief flashes of hope.
    Track Listings:
    Side A
    1 Hunter
    2 Jóga
    3 Unravel
    4 Bachelorette
    5 All Neon Like

    Side B
    1 5 Years
    2 Immature
    3 Alarm Call
    4 Pluto
    5 All Is Full Of Love
    Total Time: 43:35
    Artist Name(s):
    Björk – keyboards, vocals
    Alasdair Alloy – glass harmonica
    Vaughan Armon – violin
    Mark Bell – keyboards
    Sigurbjorn Bernhardsson – violin
    Mark Berrow – violin
    Mike Brittain – bass
    Jeffrey Bryant – horn
    Roger Chase – viola
    Ben Cruft – violin
    Sigrun Edvaldsdottir – violin
    Paul Gardhaim – bass
    Roger Garland – violin
    Wilfred Gibson – violin
    Isobel Griffiths – orchestra contractor
    Sigurdur Bjarki Gunnarsson – cello
    Hrund Hardardottir – viola
    Bill Hawkes – viola
    Steve Henderson – timbales, tympani
    Paul Kegg – cello
    Yasuhiro Kobayashi – accordion
    Peter Lale – viola
    Chris Laurence – bass
    Helen Liebmann – cello
    Martin Loveday – cello
    Alasdair Malloy – glass harmonica
    Perry Mason – violin
    Jim McLeod – violin
    Perry Montague-Mason – violin
    Trevor Morais – drums, electronic drums
    Jon R. Ornolfsson – cello
    Peter Oxer – violin
    Paul Pritchard – bass
    Maciej Rakowski – violin
    Frank Ricotti – snare drums
    George Robertson – viola
    Guy Sigsworth – clavichord, keyboards, pipe organ
    Moeidur Anna Sigurdardottir – viola
    Una Sveinbjarnardottir – violin
    Mike Thompson – horn
    Sif Tulinius – violin
    John Tunnell – cello
    Helen Tunstall – harp
    Gavyn Wright – violin
    Björk, Mark Bell, Guy Sigsworth, Howie B, Markus Dravs
    Release Year: 1997
    Ambient, EBM, Space Rock, Synth-Pop, Techno
    Album Type:
    Compact Disc
    Cover & Packge Design:
    Alexander McQueen
    Studio Name:
    El Cortijo Studios in Málaga, Spain - August 1996 to August 1997
    Mastering: Nilz
    Engineer(s): Danny Brown, James Loughrey, Jason Groucott, Jason Westbrook, Kirsten Cowie, Paul "P-Dub" Walton*, Rebecca Storey, Rob Murphy, Russell Polden, Sie Midway-Smith
    Label / Publishing
    Label Name:
    One Little Indian
    Catalog Number(s):
    London, UK
    Synthesizers Used
    Album Locator
    [+] Amazon
    [+] Amoeba
    [+] Discogs
    [+] Google
    [+] YouTube
    [+] Reverb.com

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