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Formanta Polivoks Analog Synthesizer

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    Description
    The Polivoks (also occasionally referred to as the Polyvox) (Rus.: Поливокс) is a duophonic, analog synthesizer manufactured and marketed in the Soviet Union between 1982 and 1990. It is arguably the most popular and well known Soviet synthesizer in the west, likely due to the uniqueness of both its appearance and sound.

    The Polivoks has some features that are either unusual or uncommon on most analog mono synthesizers including a filter that can be switched from low pass to bandpass and two envelopes that can be looped over the AD sections.

    Due to its unique history and relative rarity, the Polivoks has become popular as much for its unique sounds as for its aesthetics. It is often used by bands who take inspiration from the Soviet chic movement, as well as the ostalgie phenomenon in the former East Germany.
    Images
    Architecture
    Type: Analog
    Synthesis: Subtractive
    Oscillators
    Oscillators: 2
    Waveforms: Pulse Variable, Saw Up, Square, Triangle
    Envelopes
    Envelopes: 2
    Evelope Paramerters: Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release
    Filters
    Filters: 1
    Types: Band Stop, Low Pass
    LFO
    LFO: 1
    LFO Parameters: Noise, Sample & Hold, Saw Up, Triangle
    Polyphony & Tuning
    Polyphony: 2
    Timbrality: 1
    Tuning: Standard
    Modes: Duophonic, Mono
    Case
    Case: Keyboard
    Keyboard: 49 keys, Non-weighted, Plastic
    Controls: Buttons, Knobs, Pedal - Volume
    Dimensions (WxDxH): 780 x 490 x 195 mm
    Weight: 18 Kg
    Connections
    Audio Output Connections: 1/4" Phone Jack, Mono Out
    Audio Output Count: 1
    Inputs: 1/4" input
    CV Ports: CV IN, Gate In
    Power: 220V AC
    Production
    Year Released: 1982
    Year Discontinued: 1990
    Units Made: 25,000
    Used By
    Franz Ferdinand, KanZer, Goldfrap, Kuba Kristo
    Design Notes:

    The Polivoks was designed at the Urals Vector plant, but actual production was handled at the Formanta Radio Factory in Kachkanar, Russian SFSR. It was intended to appear and sound similar to American and Japanese synthesizers from companies such as Roland, Moog, and Korg. The Polivoks was engineered by circuit designer Vladimir Kuzmin with the appearance of the instrument influenced by his wife Olimpiada,[2] who took inspiration from the design of Soviet military radios. Its retail price upon release was 920 rubles and over its lifetime around 100,000 Polivoks were manufactured - sometimes with a production rate of up to 1,000 units a month.
    Manuals & Documents
    Reviews
    Pricing
    Retail Street Price: 920 rubles - convert
    Used Price: $800 - $1,500 - convert
    Shopping
    Patch Sheet
    YouTube Videos
    References & Sources
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